The Anthropecentrism

Final 4th Year Assessment, Uncategorized

Today you can see the power of humans everywhere, technology, farming, birth giving, the use of animals for recreational means, use of military to control nature, etc.

Humans control every field that you can think of, but is it actually the right way of living on Earth, is it ethical of what we do to other animals, do we have the right to do it, are we Gods? I want to explore the ultimate ways that humans are controlling nature, farming becomes one the major issues within Ethics. Every single egg, bottle of milk you get from the store down the road, are produced and manufactured on ‘farms’. If every person would visit farms,  we would probably abandon the use of dairy , and meat. Today farming becomes more about the quantity of production rather than the ways of keeping animals in good and ethical ways. I believe this comes from the rapidly increasing numbers of population and the demand for more and more.

Poultry farming just in the UK consists of 875 million chickens, 17 million turkeys, 16 million ducks per year. Furthermore, the consumption of eggs within the UK is around 12,320 million eggs (+4%) per year. These numbers are huge, as the population within the uk is only 65,111,143. Does humanity really needs so much meet to survive, or we prefer the desire of food to overtake the ethicality of production and consumption?

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Have u ever wondered what a beautiful and complicated the process of egg forming in the chicken is. Or how the eggs itself can sustain and grow the chick till it hatches. It takes about 24 hours for an to be developed inside of the chicken with the life in it, and then humans can boil it in just 15 and eat in 2 min.

By recent experiments, people were buying eggs in supermarkets, and generally one in 30 would hatch, or a few, but the companies were denying that there was  a possibility for the eggs being fertilized. But knowing this, it becomes a question of ethics, can you eat something that could have developed into the full size chicken, which could walk, mate etc. Is it ethical for humans to eat embryos of other animals?

Taking these ideas further I want develop art installations that would question these ideas.

 

Questions to think about (‘Alba Rabbit’ and Humans in Nature)

Autumn Assessment 2nd and 3rd Year, Uncategorized

As besides Art I study Philosophy in the past two years I have focused on Environmental Ethics, Animal Rights and Anthropocentric Climate Change. I believe it has influenced my art practice a lot.

There are many moral questions regarding the role of Humans in Nature and our interference with nature which became a norm in our lives. ‘Alba Rabbit’ by Kac, is the perfect example of this. The questions that come into your head would be ‘wow thats a cool experiment’, and ‘why’.

The science is not only makes our lives easier but it also influences the world we live in. Considering this piece of art one might think “why”, but one of the answers that is ‘because we can do it’.  So here comes the realization of humans ‘playing God’, which was highlighted by many Deontologists. Species are getting extinct, animals are used for science and food production, climate change has been proven to be mainly anthropocentric. So why, we continue producing CO2 emissions, trying to control animal populations, clone them, breed them, why we are trying to control nature? The answer ‘just because we can’ is seems pretty vague here, especially thinking on the global scale.

 

Blackfish

Autumn Assessment 2nd and 3rd Year

This film becomes an illustration of human interventions with wild creatures. Orcas are particularly intelligent mammals, but when they become trapped the result it’s becomes a catastrophe especially for the the humans, as they become violent and unpredictable.

This film not only inspired me for my art piece but also a must see for everyone.

Domesticating Nature

Autumn Assessment 2nd and 3rd Year

My current research practice is based on the pilot study project developed last year titled ‘The Museum of Rare Animals’. This study highlighted the idea of human dominance over nature. This lead to an interest in investigating the human potential to create extreme forms of power and control. 

This current body of work will focus on corruption of nature by humans. Tornadoes, Earthquakes, Tsunamis, are the only things that can not be controlled or changed and enhanced by humans. Humans have a long history of domesticating wild animals. Starting from domesticated animals that we take fore granted, e.g. dogs, cats, cows and horses to huge animals such as elephants, tigers and panthers and so on.  It became normal for rich people to use tigers and panthers as pets and keep them caged in human homes. I want to develop a series of works that draw attention to the absurdity of our anthropocentrism. 

Can you imagine a pet tornado in your living room? I want to re create a tornado within the Human space captive in the display cabinet, to illustrate the human dominance of nature.

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Being alive – Daphne Wright

Related Artists

She is an Irish visual artist. Her works are full of delicacy and tenderness. When you look at her sculptures you can feel that they are nearly alive, but she drives a thin line in being ‘nearly alive‘.

At first sight you may think that her works are taxidermy art as Polly Morgan’s. However, these art pieces are castes made of marble dust and resin. She is not the first artist who illustrates death as something natural, as I have said Polly Morgan also looks into these within her art.

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                       Lamb, 2006 Marble dust and resin, 67 x 17 x 38 cm
                                              Edition of 5

 These art pieces suggest to open our minds to unwholesomeness. The viewer becomes a part of her piece as they are looking at dead animals, even if they are casted they are too realistic to believe they are sculptures. The viewer becomes trapped and uncomfortable viewing these pieces, which leads to their exploration of ‘death’, as in the same time you look into the eyes of death, and feel sorry for those animals. However you can not turn your eyes from this beautiful depiction of death and peace depicted in one piece. 

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Stallion , 2009, Marble dust and resin, 160 H x 380 L x 140 W cm
                                               Edition of 2

Personally, I am in love with her figurative sculptures, as they feel clean, peaceful, and elegant. Her works closely relate to my own practice, as with white there is a suggestion of peace, being in peace, and observe peace, which I want to bring into my works of art.

‘The Greatest Collection of Rare Animals’ Week 3 project

Autumn Assessment 2nd and 3rd Year

During the third week, after the visit to a Zoology museum and having talked with the group(Olivia, Alice, me and Jess) about our ideas and inspirations. We have decided on the installation that would bring the distinct idea of how people are using animal resources for their own benefits as luxury objects of interior and jewelry, to the extent that they become extinct.So this became the starting point of our project.

“The Greatest Collection of Rare Animals”

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This art piece was influenced by cabinets of curiosity, and artists like Polly Morgan, Mark Dion, Damien Hirst and Fiona Hall with her ‘Cash Crop’,1998. Hundreds of animal species are extinct because of human desires for uniqueness, luxury and pride.

For this art installation we have used scientific glass containers that we have borrowed from Zoology Museum. The Glass container emphasizes peoples desire to collect something that should not be kept in museums or killed for that purposes (such as Taxidermy). The glass containers are empty, to illustrate that these objects are no longer in the world.

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The idea that we undertaken from the museum, is the way that Labels are being placed, and objects being categorized by classifications. We have picked a number of animals that are extinct, and placed their scientific names on place cards, to illustrate the idea of Museum Collection, and also give an audience a feeling of a phantom animal inside the jars of the cabinet, while we are unable to view them, the labeling gives a possibility of imagination to proceed.

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The title plays a really important role, in the interpretation of the piece. We have chosen ‘The Greatest Collection of Rare Animals’ as it shows the ironical idea of exhibiting something that is no longer there. ‘The Greatest Collection’ brings the context of the way, people like to collect things that they either do not need or things that are actually not supposed to be seen in such circumstances ( as animals in formalin or taxidermy).

These multiple ideas under the contextualized piece illustrate the desire and passion of humans for collection, and giving the objects the immortality within the living world.

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Art installation focusing on the brining the idea of conscience to the viewer, that the obsession of collecting can bring alive things into a state where they just disappear. When I was doing research on Poly Morgan, I have looked at the interview she gave to BBC, and the interesting thing she said about her work, that : ‘The terror lies in life more than death. Death is a peaceful state, whereas fight for life and to stay alive is more scary.’ In  my personal opinion, it links to this installation, as the exhibition, becomes the exhibition without the objects, as they are no longer alive.

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At the beginning to work as a group, we faced some difficulties with our ideas , as it would not be possible to engage with all of them. However, we have made a decision, that working as a group, we need to find a more successful illustration to the context of the project we have been given.

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Polly Morgan (week 3 project inspiration)

Autumn Assessment 2nd and 3rd Year, Related Artists, Studio

She is London-based artist, who became known for use of taxidermy as a tool for art pieces. The animals she uses died naturally, that leads to the main concerns of her art pieces – that death becomes a peaceful state, and terror lies in Life rather than death, as fight for life, and to stay alive is more scare condition.Her works are beautiful and scary at the same time. The narrative within her work process illustrates of how we are fragile, and this is what Morgan wants to show to her audience.

Polly Morgan became known in art world in quite short time, as her unusual and illusory art practice becomes unique, as there not many artists who used taxidermy as a tool. From 2004 she got noticed by Banksy. In 2005 he commissioned art pieces from her for his annual exhibition in London. Then she started to be exhibited with alongside Damien Hirst, Banksy, and her work started to be collected by Charles Saatchi and other collectors.

Vestige

Vestige (2009)

Taxidermy, prayer-book, chandelier (37cm x 58cm x 19cm)

When you look at her art pieces you think that in a second the bird or an animal can become alive. In my opinion through her work she brings irony, of how people become obsessed by things, ‘Lovebird'(2009), perfectly illustrates this,as the bird is no longer alive, but still looks selfishly in mirror and there is a carpet made out of mouse.

Lovebird

Lovebird

(2005)

With her other piece – ‘Systemic Inflammation’, (it becomes her first monumental piece), she as an artist tried to command the gallery space, with an installation. I could describe this piece as ‘Dramatic, this becomes the word that comes first to my head when I see it. I think this piece looks smooth and organic and brings in the dialogue between the artwork and exhibiting space.

Systemic-Inflammation Systemic-Inflammation-detail                          ‘Systemic Inflammation’ (2010)

Taxidermy, steel, leather

130cm x 113cm (diameter)

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Information and pictures from:

-all pictures are from her original website

http://pollymorgan.co.uk

-Interview for BBC

– See more at: http://pollymorgan.co.uk/works/systemic-inflammation/#sthash.DIwFlmFK.dpuf

http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/art/features/polly-morgan-the-taxidermy-artist-talks-llama-rides-eyeball-scarves-and-how-to-deal-with-despair-8618057.html